Omega-3 supplementation to help recovery between sports training sessions
Sport athletes all know the importance of the recovery between training sessions and games. Upon a training session or competition, the athlete enters a recovery phase that implies metabolic recovery (their body restores fuel levels) and mechanical recovery (their body repairs damage to the musculoskeletal system).
This recovery between training session and games helps the athlete prepare for the next competition or training session. Several factors can enhance recovery, but nutrition and rest are the most important. Nutrition promotes muscle regeneration, reduces fatigue, and supports physical health. Micronutrients and supplements that may be efficacious for promoting recovery include omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, creatine, collagen/vitamin C, and antioxidants.
Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids increases the content of EPA and DHA in the red blood cells (Omega-3 Index) in a dose-dependent manner (the higher the dose, the greater the increment). Depending on many studies, this has beneficial effects on muscle metabolism and tissue recovery, functional performance, inflammation, exercise induced asthma, injury recovery, stress and training adaptation.